Cabernet Franc, blue grape. Nutrient poor soil with good drainage properties (e.g. sand, gravel and limestone-rich soils) is an ideal habitat for the grape. Cabernet Franc, which is correctly grown and at the right place, gives wines with the aroma and taste of violets, roses, lavender, basil, coriander, sage, tobacco, raspberry, red cherry and red plum. When Cabernet Franc does not get enough the sun, it gives the wines that smell and taste of unripe peppers (paprika). (2012-09)
Cabernet Sauvignon, blue grape. Nutrient poor soil with good drainage properties (e.g. gravel) is an ideal habitat for the grape. Cabernet Sauvignon, which is correctly grown and at the right place, gives tannin-rich, dark and ageable wines, wines with smell and taste of black currant, plum, raspberry, herbs, liquorice, and, over time, of cedar, tobacco, dried fruits and coffee. When Cabernet Sauvignon does not get enough the sun, it gives the wines that smell and taste of unripe peppers (paprika). (2012-06)
Cadillac, French appellation that belongs the wine region Entre-Deux-Mers, which belongs to the Bordeaux wine region.
Cahors, French appellation that belongs the wine region Sud-Ouest (South West France). The appellation has 4,800 hectares. The average yield is low, 31 hl/ha. The most concentrated and the most ageable wines from this appellation come from its highest terraces. The wines, which are classified as Cahors Excellence or Charte de Qualité, must meet the following requirements: the harvest may not be higher than 40 hl/ha, the aging must last at least 18 months, and the wines have to pass a quality test. For some unknown reason, many of the best wine producers do not want to be with and meet these quality standards. (2012-06)
Cahors grapes, 85% Malbec, 13% Merlot and 2% Tannat. (2012-06)
Californian wine regions and appellations, California has four wine regions (Central Coast, Central Valley, North Coast and South Coast) and 116 appellations (116 AVA). (2013-10)
Campo Alla Sughera, Adeo (red wine, blend, Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot), DOC Bolgheri Rosso Superiore, Toscana (Tuscany), Italy, the best vintages, 2004, 2006 and 2008; not 2009. (2013-02)
Campo Alla Sughera, Arnione (red wine, blend), DOC Bolgheri Rosso Superiore, Toscana (Tuscany), Italy, the best vintages, 2003, 2007 and 2008. (2013-02)
Cannonau di Sardegna, a DOC wine. If the wine does not reach a minimum alcoholic strength by volume of 13.5%, it is downgraded to Vino da Tavola-class and it must be sold as Cannonau without "di Sardegna". If the wine has been aged for two years and has an alcoholic strength by volume of at least 15%, it may be classified as Superiore. If the wine's alcoholic strength by volume amounts to 15% and the sugar content amounts to a maximum of 10 g/l, it may be classified as Naturalmente Secco.
Cannonau di Sardegna, Italian appellation that belongs to the Sardinia wine region.
Cannonau di Sardegna grapes, Cannonau, Carignano, Pascale, Bovale, and Muristello.
Canon-Fronsac, French appellation that belongs the Libournais (Right Bank) wine district, which belongs to the Bordeaux wine region. The appellation has 300 hectares under vines. The average yield is 54 hl/ha. No chateaux, which belongs the Canon-Fronsac appellation, is classified. (2012-06)
Caprili, Brunello di Montalcino (Sangiovese, red wine), Tuscany, Italy, the best vintages, 1990, 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2006. (2012-04)
Cardinale (red wine, blend, 86-91% Cabernet Sauvignon and 9-14% Merlot), Oakville AVA, Napa Valley, California, USA, the best vintages, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2008 and 2010. (2013-02)
Carruades de Lafite (Château Lafite-Rothschild's second wine) (red wine, blend), Pauillac, Médoc, Bordeaux, France, the best vintages, up to and including vintage 2011 none. (2012-05)
Caymus, Cabernet Sauvignon, Special Selection (red wine), Napa Valley, North Coast, California, USA, the best vintages, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1994, 2001, 2002 and 2004; not 2005, 2007 and 2008. (2012-09)
Central Coast, USA's wine region that lies in California. The wine region, which is itself classified as appellation (AVA), consists of 10 different wine districts: Alameda County (Livermore Valley), Contra Costa County, Monterey County, Santa Barbara County (Santa Ynez Valley), San Benito County, San Francisco County, San Luis Obispo County (Paso Robles), San Mateo County, Santa Clara County and Santa Cruz County (Santa Cruz Mountains) and 30 appellations: Arroyo Grande Valley, Arroyo Seco, Ben Lomond Mountain, Carmel Valley, Central Coast, Chalone, Cienega Valley, Edna Valley, Hames Valley, Happy Canyon of Santa Barbara, Lime Kiln Valley, Livermore Valley, Monterey, Mt. Harlan, Pacheco Pass, Paicines, Paso Robles, San Antonio Valley, San Benito, San Bernabe, San Francisco Bay, San Lucas, San Ysidro District, Santa Clara Valley, Santa Cruz Mountains, Santa Lucia High-lands, Santa Maria Valley, Santa Rita Hills, Santa Ynez Valley and York Mountain. (2012-03)
Central Valley, Chilean wine region that consists of four wine districts/valleys: Curicó Valley (pronounced: kur-ee-koh), Maipo Valley (my-po), Maule Valley (mow-lay) and Rapel Valley. The actual Rapel Valley consists of two wine areas/valleys: Cachapoal Valley (kah-cha-po-al) and Colchagua Valley (kohl-cha-gwa). The region have 95,631 ha under vine and its four districts and two areas, as the region itself, are classified as appellations (Denominación de Origen). (2012-03)
Central Valley, USA's wine region that lies in California. It consists of 17 appellations (AVA): Alta Mesa, Borden Ranch, Capay Valley, Clarksburg, Clements Hills, Cosumnes River, Diablo Grande, Dunnigan Hills, Jahant, Lodi, Madera, Merritt Island, Mokelumne River, River Junction, Salado Creek, Sloughhouse and Tracy Hills. (2012-03)
Cérons, French appellation belonging the wine district of Graves, which in turn belongs to the wine region of Bordeaux.
Chablis the best vintages, 1962, 1966, 1969, 1989, 1995, 1996 and 2002. (2011-12)
Chablis grapes, Chardonnay. Other grapes are also grown but they may not be included in a Chablis wine.
Chablis quality classes, Chablis has four quality classes: 1. Grand Cru (the highest class, 100 ha), 2. Premier Cru (778 ha), 3. Chablis (3,318 ha) and 4. Petit Chablis (843 ha). (2012-06)
Chablis soils, calcareous soil mixed with clay rich in fossils of small oysters so-called Kimmeridgian soil. In case that the small oysters missing, it means that the soil is very chalky. This combination of soils gives the wines from Chablis, the specific mineral taste. (2011-09)
Chambertin the best vintages, 1966, 1969, 1978, 1990, 2005 and 2009. (2012-02)
Chambertin grapes, Pinot Noir. (2012-02)
Chambertin Clos de Bèze the best vintages, 1966, 1969, 1978, 1990, 2005 and 2009. (2012-02)
Chambertin Clos de Bèze grapes, Pinot Noir. (2012-02)